Male prostatitis can be bacterial or non-bacterial. The first cause is various pathogens: staphylococci, streptococci, gonococci, etc. Non-bacterial prostatitis is caused by factors that cause blood to stagnate in the pelvic area.
A urologist should be consulted urgently at the first sign of inflammation of the prostate. Only a specialist can determine the presence and type of prostatitis and prescribe its therapy with certain medications.
Medical treatment for prostatitis in men is considered to be the most effective solution to get rid of this dangerous disease. Its goal:
- eliminating the causes of the disease;
- to stop the inflammatory process of the prostate gland;
- to relieve pain and cramps.
There are several classes of drugs in the drug therapy of the disease.
Medication for inflammation of the prostate gland is performed using different classes of drugs. However, it is only a doctor who decides how prostatitis is treated in men with medication. It selects the required form depending on the form of the disease and the nature of its course.
In most cases, treatment is performed with:
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
- hormonal agents;
- muscle relaxants.
Drugs used in the treatment of prostatitis are used in various combinations, both in the acute form of the disease and in its chronic stage.
Antibiotics and NSAIDs
Antibiotics are prescribed to kill the pathogenic bacteria that caused the disease and relieve the acute or chronic inflammatory process. The release of these drugs can be in the form of tablets, capsules, injections, rectal suppositories.
In men, the treatment of acute prostatitis can be performed with the following antibacterial drugs belonging to the group of fluoroquinolones, which have a broad spectrum.
Antibiotics or macrolides belonging to the tetracycline group are more suitable for the treatment of chronic prostatitis.
The average duration of antibiotic use for inflammation of the prostate is 2-3 weeks.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are prescribed for ineffective antibiotic therapy or for the non-bacterial nature of the disease.
NSAIDs actively suppress inflammation, relieve swelling well, and have pronounced analgesic properties. Due to the detrimental effects of these drugs on the patient's digestive system, short-term use at short intervals per week is required.
In men, prostatitis decreases the erectile function of the penis. Hormone therapy is prescribed to restore and normalize the endocrine system. It is also necessary to eliminate the inflammatory process in the affected organ.
Inflammation of the prostate often causes urination problems. Muscle relaxation is needed to facilitate the flow of urine. For this purpose, your doctor will prescribe alpha-blockers.
The drugs act on the sympathetic nervous system, which is needed to regulate the tone of smooth muscle in the bladder and urethra. After taking drugs in this group, the muscles relax, the cramps disappear, and the amount of urine returns to normal. In addition, funds are needed to eliminate the inflammation and pain that occurs during urination.
Prostatitis is treated with drugs in this group for a long time. They are usually appointed for at least six months.
After taking antibiotics for prostatitis, the body is weakened. Along with harmful microorganisms, the beneficial microflora is also destroyed. During this period, man is most susceptible to infections. The necessary vitamins, elements, and minerals are prescribed to reduce the likelihood of dangerous consequences, complications, and viral and bacterial diseases.
The introduction of immunomodulators is important to strengthen the body. They help not only increase local immunity but also protect the body as a whole.
Muscle relaxants are prescribed to reduce muscle tone. They normalize blood flow so that the prostate gland is completely released. The basics can also eliminate pain syndrome.
When prostatitis occurs, many men experience severe pain syndrome, pain when urinating. Any medication that is treated affects the source of pain to one degree or another. However, they are not always able to fully cope with unpleasant feelings.
Analgesics are indicated for severe pain syndrome.
The drugs are available in both tablet and injection solutions. Doctors note that it is better to act in liquid form on the source of the pain. Based on these, enemas are made. The composition quickly reaches the source of the pain, which helps to cope with the pain syndrome in a short time.
One of the characteristics of prostatitis is not only the appearance of physiological changes. In case of illness, a person suffers from a decrease in potency, problems related to erectile function. The penis is not always ready for intimacy.
Men are a lot worried about this. After all, sexual abuse is one of the most serious manifestations of the disease for many patients. Therefore, the patient's psyche suffers.
Sedatives are needed to restore the nervous system. They are also necessary when, in everyday life, a man often has to be nervous and experience stressful situations. Such phenomena negatively affect the already weakened body.
If severe mental disorders are detected, sedatives are required.
It is worth noting that sedatives are taken for a short time. After all, the body can get used to a constant intake of active ingredients. If you exceed the dose, various complications may occur.
There are other medications that are prescribed for prostatitis. But it is not considered an essential cure during treatment.
Anticholinergic drugs are needed to urinate, normalize blood circulation, and increase potency.
Antihistamines can be used to reduce swelling in the tissues of the prostate gland. But it is worth remembering that such funds are effective. Therefore, it should only be prescribed by a doctor.
Each medicine requires a special dosing schedule. It should be issued by a urologist when prescribing stages of treatment.
Medication for prostatitis is performed with the mandatory use of rectal suppositories. Suppositories are more acceptable dosage forms because they act directly on the source of inflammation. In this case, the pain and negative processes quickly disappear.
When dissolved in the rectum, the components are immediately delivered to the diseased organ by the bloodstream. That is, the effect occurs after 15-20 minutes. This is especially true when the pain of inflammation becomes unbearable.
Unlike suppositories, the same tablets or capsules first enter the stomach and then dissolve through the liver, losing some of the beneficial substances and properties.
In addition, suppositories are considered a safer form of medication because they do not affect kidney and liver function.
The variety of rectal suppositories is quite large. They may include:
- beekeeping products;
- components of bovine prostate glands.
Suppositories are almost always based on coconut oil. Thanks to him, the rapid absorption of the drug components is ensured. Many capsules contain vitamins and minerals that help boost immunity.
Some men can only use suppositories, tablets are prohibited due to diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Candles are only inserted after a cleansing enema. They should be inserted at least 2-4 cm. You should lie in bed for about half an hour after the introduction. The procedure can be done at home.
There are many drugs and techniques for treating prostatitis. But they will only be effective together.
Of course, medications for medication have an effect, but healing will be much faster if we add physiotherapy and folk recipes to them.